Bariatric surgery, also called weight-loss surgery, is several surgical techniques that can reduce the size of your stomach and/or allow food to bypass part of your small intestine.
Being overweight or obese are major risk factors for several chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. People who are severely obese are at a more significant medical risk for disability or premature death related to their weight.
The results of bariatric surgery are more complex than merely decreasing a person’s weight on a scale. Bariatric surgery and the resulting weight loss may reduce a person’s risk of life-threatening complications related to obesity. You can also expect to gain stamina, energy, and lead a more active lifestyle following weight loss.
Roux-en-Y is one type of bariatric, or weight loss, surgery offered at Lompoc Valley Medical Center. It is also known as gastric bypass surgery. During this procedure, the surgeon uses a surgical stapler to create a small stomach pouch, about the size of an adult thumb, and attaches it directly to the small intestine, bypassing a significant portion of the stomach and the duodenum.
The name, Roux-en-Y, is derived from the area of the small intestine where the pouch is attached. It is called the Roux limb, and post-surgery this creates a “Y” shape.
The pouch restricts food intake by allowing only a small amount of food to be ingested at one time. Initially, the newly created pouch can hold approximately 1-ounce of food. In time, that amount may increase to 4 to 8 ounces.
While also decreasing the amount of food a person can intake, the surgery also reduces the calories and nutrients absorbed into the body.
Roux-en-Y may have these benefits:
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is performed laparoscopically and can take between 2 to 4 hours.
Sleeve Gastrectomy surgery is a procedure only on the stomach, and not the intestine. During the procedure, the surgeon turns the stomach into a pouch that looks like a long tube, or sleeve. Once the stomach is separated into a smaller tube, the remainder of the stomach is removed. Typically, about 80 percent of the stomach is removed.
This type of surgery removes approximately two-thirds of the stomach, leading to a decreased appetite and a quicker sense of feeling “full” for the patient.
Post-surgery, only a small amount of food, a few ounces, may be eaten at one time.
Sleeve Gastrectomy may have these benefits:
Lompoc Health is here to guide you through your weight loss surgery and after-care. There are a number of requirements that must be followed prior to having a surgical date, as well as post-surgical follow-ups. This process may take several months, to schedule appropriate appointments and complete insurance documentation.
As you proceed toward bariatric surgery, you will need to undergo a series of tests and procedures. Our Bariatric Program Coordinator will assist you in making a plan to accomplish these requirements. In the meantime, there are several steps each patient can take to get prepared for the surgery and its aftermath. Patients considering surgery should begin taking a multi-vitamin with iron daily to improve general health.
Our Weight-Loss Surgery Program will focus on patients between the ages of 18 to 65. Depending on a number of factors, females with a BMI of 60 or less may be considered for surgery, while in general, males with a BMI of 55 or less may be considered. Patients with other obesity-related health issues, such as diabetes, sleep apnea or hypertension, may qualify for bariatric surgery with approximate BMIs of 35-44.
For those who have struggled with weight, the benefits of weight loss surgery may involve more than just an immediate loss of pounds on the scale. There may be significant health improvements, as well as a change in societal attitudes, improvements of self-esteem, reduction of depressive symptoms, and more. Various medical studies related to bariatric surgery have also tallied the potential for the decline in other medical problems or concerns, such as: